NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS

International Teaching NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS

0522600030
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS "E. R. CAIANIELLO"
EQF7
PHYSICS
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2021
SECONDO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
648LESSONS
Objectives
THE COURSE HAS THE GOAL TO PRESENT CONCEPTS, METHODS AND EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS IN NUCLEAR AND SUB-NUCLEAR PHYSICS, WITH SPECIAL ATTENTION TO CONTEMPORARY RESEARCHES.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
THE COURSE PROVIDES A WIDE AND DEEP PICTURE OF THE EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE THAT LED TO THE STANDARD MODEL OF FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS AND ON THE OPEN ISSUES OF RESEARCH.

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO WORK OUT EXERCISES OR EXAMPLES UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF THE TEACHER. THEY ARE ALSO STIMULATED TO GO THROUGH THE PROCESS OF CONCEPT DESIGN FOR HIGH-ENERGY EXPERIMENTS.
Prerequisites
THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE FOLLOWINGS ARGUMENTS IS REQUIRED:
QUANTUM MECHANICS. CONTINUOUS SYMMETRIES. CLASSIC ELECTROMAGNETISM AND SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY. MAXWELL, KLEIN-GORDON AND DIRAC EQUATIONS. LAGRANGIAN FORMALISM AND PERTURBATIVE EXPANSION (FEYNMAN DIAGRAMS). BASIC ELEMENTS OF ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS. RADIOACTIVE DECAYS. NUCLEAR MODELS. CLASSIFICATION OF PARTICLES.
Contents
COLLISIONS IN RELATIVIST AND QUANTUM MECHANICS
MANDELSTAM VARIABLES; DALIZ DIAGRAMS; DISTRIBUTIONS OF RAPIDITY AND TRANSVERSE IMPULSE INTEGRAL SCATTERING EQUATION AND BORN APPROXIMATION; MATRIX S AND ITS PROPERTIES; RELATIONS WITH OBSERVABLES (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

EXPANSION IN SPHERICAL WAVES
INTERPRETATION OF THE PHASE SHIFTS; INELASTIC SCATTERING; ARGAND DIAGRAMS; SCATTERING OF NON-ZERO SPIN PARTICLES AND IDENTICAL PARTICLES (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

HIGH ENERGY NUCLEAR COLLISIONS
COLLISION GEOMETRY; THE GLAUBER MODEL; EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS (HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)
PARTICLES ACCELERATORS
FROM BETATRON TO COLLIDERS, BASIC PRINCIPLES; BETATRON AND SYNCHROTRON OSCILLATIONS; PHASE STABILITY (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

WEAK INTERACTIONS AND THEIR PROPERTIES
CLASSIFICATION OF WEAK INTERACTIONS; NEUTRAL CURRENTS AND CHARGED CURRENTS; LEPTONIC, SEMI-LEPTON AND HADRONIC DECAYS (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

PHENOMENOLOGY OF WEAK INTERACTIONS
WEAK DECAYS OF QUARKS;GIM MECHANISM;
THE KAON DOUBLET - NEUTRAL ANTI-KAON. (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

THE STANDARD MODEL (1)
ELEMENTS OF FIELD THEORY
REVIEW OF QED - THE RENORMALIZATION IN QED (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 2)

THE STANDARD MODEL (2)
THE HIGGS MECHANISM: SPONTANEOUS BREAKING OF LOCAL SYMMETRY
REAL AND COMPLEX SCALAR FIELD (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

THE STANDARD MODEL (3)
THE WEAK INTERACTION: "V-A" THEORY - "IVB" THEORY - SPONTANEOUS BREAKING OF LOCAL SYMMETRY IN NON-ABELIAN THEORY -
THE LAGRANGIAN OF THE STANDARD MODEL (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

EXPERIMENTAL CHECKS OF THE STANDARD MODEL (1):
MEASURE OF THE CONSTANTS OF THE THEORY
DISCOVERY OF W AND Z BOSONS; (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 2)

EXPERIMENTAL CHECKS OF THE STANDARD MODEL (2):
MEASUREMENT OF W AND Z BOSONS AT LEP; DETERMINATION OF WEAK COUPLINGS
AND THE NUMBER OF FAMILIES. DETERMINATION OF THE NUMBER OF COLORS
DISCOVERY OF THE TOP QUARK (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 2)

EXPERIMENTAL CHECKS OF THE STANDARD MODEL (3):
DISCOVERY OF THE HIGGS BOSON AT LHC - MEASUREMENT OF ITS MASS AND THE SPIN.
PHYSICS BEYOND THE STANDARD MODEL (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

QUARK AND HADRONS
PION - NUCLEON RESONANCES; G-PARITY – REVIEW OF THE QUARK MODEL. THE QUARKS "C", "B" AND "T" (HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 2)

THE PARTON MODEL (1)
DEEP INELASTIC SCATTERING: E-P COLLISIONS
KINEMATICS AND CALCULATION OF THE CROSS SECTION. STRUCTURE FUNCTIONS. (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

THE PARTON MODEL (2)
BJORKEN SCALING AND PARTON MODEL
PARTON MODEL AND QUARK MODEL (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

THE PARTON MODEL (3)
NEUTRINO-NUCLEON INTERACTIONS. STRUCTURE FUNCTIONS AND SUM RULES.
THE "SEA" AND THE GLUONS.
EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

STRONG INTERACTIONS
THE COLOR - LAGRANGIAN OF QCD
EFFECTS OF RENORMALIZATION: ASYMPTOTIC FREEDOM AND "RUNNING" OF ALPHA STRONG (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

EXPERIMENTAL CHECKS OF THE QCD
QCD AT LEP - JETS.
VERIFICATION OF THE "RUNNING" OF ALPHA STRONG - VERIFICATION OF THE PRESENCE OF GLUONS.
(LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)


THE QUARK – GLUON PLASMA (1)
NUCLEAR MATTER AT VERY HIGH DENSITY AND PRESSURE. THE "BOOTSTRAP" MODEL - DE-CONFINEMENT. (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)

THE QUARK – GLUON PLASMA (2)
EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
INCREASE IN STRANGENESS, SUPPRESSION OF J / PSI (LESSON HOURS 2, EXERC. HOURS 0)
Teaching Methods
TEACHING CONSISTS OF 40 HOURS OF FRONTAL LESSONS AND 8 HOURS OF EXERCISES. LESSONS AND EXERCISES WILL ALSO BE PROVIDED ON THE TOPICS OUTLINED WITH THE AID OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL. EXERCISES WILL INCLUDE THE DIRECT PARTICIPATION OF STUDENTS WHO WILL BE INVITED TO ATTEND AND DISCUSS THE EXERCISES PROPOSED BY THE TEACHER IN THE CLASSROOM TOGETHER WITH THE REST OF THE CLASS.
Verification of learning
THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES AND THE VERIFICATION OF THE ABILITY TO APPLY AND DEVELOP IN A CRITICAL AND AUTONOMOUS WAY THE EXPOSED ARGUMENTS WILL BE CERTIFIED BY A FINAL ORAL EXAM WITH GRADES ON A SCALE OF 30. IN THE DISCUSSION, QUESTIONS AND EXERCISES WILL BE PROPOSED TO VERIFY THE LEVEL OF UNDERSTANDING OF THE STUDENT. THE MINIMUM VOTE (18/30) IS ATTRIBUTED WHEN THE STUDENT SHOWS UNCERTAINTIES AND A LITTLE EXPOSURE CAPACITY. THE MAXIMUM LEVEL (30/30) IS GRANTED WHEN THE STUDENT SHOWS A COMPLETE AND DEEP KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIFFERENT TOPICS DISCUSSED, AND IS ALSO ABLE TO RESOLVE THE PROPOSED EXERCISES. THE LODE IS ATTRIBUTED WHEN THE CANDIDATE SHOWS MASTERY OF THE ARGUMENTS, AND PRESENTS THE TOPICS WITH GOOD LANGUAGE PROPERTIES AND AUTONOMOUS PROCESSING CAPACITY, EVEN IN CONTEXTS DIFFERENT FROM THOSE PROPOSED BY THE PROFESSOR.
Texts
1 C. DIONISI : APPUNTI DELLE LEZIONI DI FISICA NUCLEARE E SUBNUCLEARE
2 J. M. BLATT, V. F. WEISSKOPF: THEORETICAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS, SPRINGER-VERLAG, 1979
3 S. BRAIBANT, G. GIACOMELLI, M. SPURIO: PARTICLES AND FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS, SPRINGER. ISBN 978-94-007-2463

More Information
TEACHER’S E-MAIL ADDRESS:
TIZIANO.VIRGILI@SA.INFN.IT
  BETA VERSION Data source ESSE3