INNOVATIVE GEOTECHNICAL MONITORING

International Teaching INNOVATIVE GEOTECHNICAL MONITORING

0622100050
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
EQF7
CIVIL ENGINEERING
2021/2022



YEAR OF COURSE 2
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2017
SECONDO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
660LESSONS
Objectives
EXPECTED LEARNING RESULTS AND COMPETENCE TO BE ACQUIRED:
THE COURSE AIMS TO PROVIDE STUDENTS WITH THE MAIN THEORETICAL AND APPLICATIVE FOUNDATIONS FOR THE DESIGN OF INNOVATIVE GEOTECHNICAL MONITORING SYSTEMS AND THE ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF MEASUREMENT DATA.

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING ABILITY.
KNOWLEDGE OF THE THEORIES UNDERLYING THE FUNCTIONING OF THE MOST INNOVATIVE SYSTEMS FOR LITHOSTRATIGRAPHIC INVESTIGATIONS AND OF THE WATER CONTENT OF SOILS, FOR THE MONITORING OF DISPLACEMENTS OF THE GROUND AND OF THE STRUCTURES/INFRASTRUCTURES INTERACTING WITH IT, OF TECHNIQUES FOR THE CONTROL OF GEOTECHNICAL SYSTEMS IN THE EXECUTION PHASE AND EXERCISE.

KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE.
THE STUDENT, UPON PASSING THE FINAL EXAM, SHALL BE ABLE TO ANALYZE A SPECIFIC PROBLEM OF CIVIL/GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING AND TO CHOOSE AND DESIGN THE MOST SUITABLE MONITORING AND/OR CONTROL SYSTEM BY PROPOSING ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS THAT COMBINE CONVENTIONAL TECHNIQUES WITH THE MOST INNOVATIVE ONES IN THE GEOTECHNICAL FIELD.

AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT.
KNOWING HOW TO CRITICALLY EXAMINE THE LIMITS AND POTENTIAL OF THE MOST INNOVATIVE MONITORING TECHNIQUES BY CHECKING THE CORRECTNESS OF THE RESULTS OBTAINED.

COMMUNICATION SKILLS.
KNOWING HOW TO WORK IN GROUPS AND ORALLY PRESENT GEOTECHNICAL PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE DESIGN OF INTEGRATED MONITORING SYSTEMS, THE MONITORING OF CLASSIC GEOTECHNICAL PROBLEMS SUCH AS SUBSIDENCE AND LANDSLIDES, AND THE EVALUATION OF THE ADVANTAGES DERIVING FROM THE USE OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS.
Prerequisites
PREREQUISITES:
PREREQUISITES TO INNOVATIVE GEOTECHNICAL MONITORING COURSE ARE: STRESS AND DEFORMATION STATE OF SOILS; FIELD EQUATIONS FOR THE SIMULATION OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF LOOSE ROCKS; GEOTECHNICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SOILS.
PROPEDEUTICITY: NONE.
Contents
THE ROLE OF MONITORING IN THE DESIGN AND CONTROL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING WORKS (TOTAL HOURS: 3, OF WHICH 3 OF LESSON): GUIDELINES, MULTI-SOURCE SYSTEMS AND OBSERVATIONAL DESIGN APPROACH.

METHODS OF LITO-STRATIGRAFIC INVESTIGATION (TOTAL HOURS: 8, OF WHICH 5 OF LESSON AND 3 OF EXERCISE)
COLLECTION OF SITE INFORMATION FROM EXISTING DATABASES: GEOLOGICAL DATA FROM DATABASES FOR VERIFYING SITUATIONS OF KNOWN HAZARD; DEFINITION OF AN ADEQUATE GEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL SURVEY PLAN BASED ON RISK FACTORS; SURVEY PLANNING BY LEVELS; EVALUATION OF SEISMICITY.
INVESTIGATION FRAMEWORK: GPR FOR THE SEARCH FOR UNDERGROUND UTILITIES, TECHNOLOGICAL NETWORKS AND PREVENTIVE ARCHEOLOGY; GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY (ACTIVE AND PASSIVE SEISMIC REFRACTION FOR THE STRATIGRAPHIC DEFINITION OF THE SITE AND SEISMIC CHARACTERIZATION; GEOELECTRIC SURVEYS FOR THE DEFINITION OF HYDRAULIC CONDITIONS; LOCAL SEISMIC RESPONSE
NOTES ON CONVENTIONAL GEOGNOSTIC INVESTIGATIONS.
SAMPLING OF SOIL SAMPLES FOR PHYSICAL-MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION
ON-SITE TESTS FOR MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION
MONITORING EQUIPMENT
- GROUNDWATER LEVELS: OPEN TUBE PIEZOMETER; CASAGRANDE CELLS; DIGITIZED VIBRATING STRING CELLS
- DISPLACEMENTS: OPEN TUBE INCLINOMETERS; HOLE INCLINOMETERS; MUMS; DMS

GEORADAR (TOTAL HOURS: 5, OF WHICH 2 OF LESSON AND 3 OF EXERCISE)
BASIC THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES; DATA RENDERING AND INTERPRETATION TECHNIQUES; DIAGNOSTIC APPLICATIONS; GPR 4D: VERIFICATION OF RESTORATION WORKS; HOLE RADAR: APPLICATION TO PILES AND UNDERGROUND WORKS.
MEETING WITH THE EXPERT ON FIELD MEASUREMENTS.

INNOVATIVE MONITORING OF THE SOIL WATER CONTENT (TOTAL HOURS: 6, OF WHICH 3 OF LESSON AND 3 OF EXERCISE)
SATELLITE TECHNIQUES OVER LARGE AREAS: OPERATING PRINCIPLES, APPLICATIONS.
ELECTRIC RESISTIVITY MEASURES: OPERATING PRINCIPLES, DATA RENDERING AND INTERPRETATION TECHNIQUES, APPLICATIONS; EVALUATION OF THE VARIATION OF THE PARAMETERS; 3D AND 4D IN-HOLE MEASUREMENTS (APPLICATIONS TO JET GROUTING AND TO CONSOLIDATIONS).
MEETING WITH THE EXPERT.

INNOVATIVE MONITORING OF GROUND SETTLEMENTS AND OF THE AFFECTED STRUCTURES/INFRASTRUCTURES (TOTAL HOURS: 28, 10 OF THE LESSON AND 18 OF EXERCISE)
OUTLINE OF CONVENTIONAL TECHNIQUES: TOPOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS, GPS, LIDAR.
SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (SAR): OPERATING PRINCIPLES; TERRESTRIAL, AIR AND SATELLITE PLATFORMS.
PRINCIPLES OF DIFFERENTIAL INTERFEROMETRY; AVAILABILITY OF DATA ON THE NATIONAL TERRITORY; CASE HISTORY: STATIC AND DYNAMIC TERRESTRIAL INTERFEROMETRY ON THE GROUND AND SOILS, EXERCISE.
SUBSIDENCE: DEFINITION, CAUSES, MAPPING, MULTI-SCALAR MONITORING, MONITORING OF THE ELEMENTS EXPOSED, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT, RISK ASSESSMENT. EXERCISE WITH THE HELP OF GIS SYSTEMS.
SLOW-MOVING LANDSLIDES: DEFINITION, CAUSES, MAPPING, MULTI-SCALAR MONITORING, MONITORING OF EXPOSED ELEMENTS, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT, RISK ASSESSMENT. EXERCISE WITH THE HELP OF GIS SYSTEMS.
MEETING WITH THE EXPERT.

MONITORING AND CONTROL OF GEOTECHNICAL SYSTEMS AND WORKS (TOTAL HOURS: 8, 4 OF LESSON AND 4 EXERCISE)
OPTICAL FIBERS: OPERATING PRINCIPLE, APPLICATIONS (FOUNDATION PILES, SHEET-WALLS, TUNNELS, LANDSLIDES); CASE HISTORY.
MEETING WITH THE EXPERT.

BIG DATA MANAGEMENT AND ANALYSIS OF GEOTECHNICAL DATA ON WIDE AREAS (TOTAL HOURS: 2, OF WHICH 2 OF LESSON)
RISK MANAGEMENT: DEFINITION OF SPECIFIC RISK MANAGEMENT PLATFORMS, MANAGEMENT OF ALERT THRESHOLDS AND ALARM SIGNALS FOR INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT, CASE HISTORIES.
MEETING WITH THE EXPERT.
Teaching Methods
TEACHING METHODS
THE COURSE FAVORS A DISTINCTLY APPLICATIVE APPROACH AND INCLUDES THEORETICAL FRONTAL LECTURES (3 CFU), CLASSROOM EXERCISES (2 CFU), STUDENT AND FIELD GROUP ACTIVITIES, DIDACTIC MEETINGS WITH EXPERTS, PROFESSIONALS AND COMPANIES OPERATING IN THE FIELD OF GEOTECHNICAL SYSTEMS MONITORING ARE ARRANGED, TECHNICAL VISITS (1 CFU).
THERE IS NO MANDATORY ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT.
Verification of learning
THE EVALUATION OF THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SET OBJECTIVES WILL TAKE PLACE THROUGH TWO TESTS AT THE END OF THE COURSE:
- AN ORAL INTERVIEW DIVIDED INTO THREE QUESTIONS AIMED AT VERIFYING THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE TOPICS COVERED IN CLASS AND DURING THE TUTORIALS.
- THE DISCUSSION AT THE END OF THE COURSE OF A CASE STUDY DEEPENED BY THE STUDENT IN THE FIELD OF GEOTECHNICAL MONITORING IN THE CONTEXT OF A GROUP WORK.

THE RESULT OF THE FINAL EVALUATION OF THE LEARNING WILL RESULT IN AN OVERALL JUDGMENT THAT TAKES INTO ACCOUNT BOTH THE ORAL INTERVIEW AND THE GROUP WORK.
FOR THE PURPOSES OF “CUM LAUDE”, ACCOUNT WILL BE TAKEN OF:
- THE QUALITY OF EXPOSURE, IN TERMS OF THE USE OF APPROPRIATE SCIENTIFIC LANGUAGE;
- THE TRANSVERSAL CORRELATION CAPACITY BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT TOPICS OF THE COURSE AND, WHERE POSSIBLE, WITH OTHER DISCIPLINES;
- AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT DEMONSTRATED.
Texts
LECTURE NOTES PREPARED BY THE LECTURER, COLLECTION OF CASE HISTORIES DERIVING FROM THE MOST RECENT SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL LITERATURE, REFERENCE LEGISLATION.
  BETA VERSION Data source ESSE3