EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR E-HEALTH

International Teaching EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR E-HEALTH

0622900029
DIPARTIMENTO DI INGEGNERIA DELL'INFORMAZIONE ED ELETTRICA E MATEMATICA APPLICATA
EQF7
DIGITAL HEALTH AND BIOINFORMATIC ENGINEERING
2021/2022



OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2018
SECONDO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR E-HEALTH MOD.1
324LESSONS
324LAB
2EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR E-HEALTH MOD.2
18LESSONS
216LAB
Objectives
THE COURSE AIMS AT PROVIDING THE MAIN METHODOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE TO REALIZE SAFE AND POWER-EFFICIENT EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR DIGITAL HEALTH AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS WITH REFERENCE TO DIGITAL THERAPEUTICS.

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
MAIN HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURES TO REALIZE EMBEDDED SYSTEMS, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO WEARABLE SYSTEMS. BASICS ON BIOMEDICAL SENSORS AND SENSORS COMMONLY USED TO MONITOR PATIENT’S HEALTH, CONSIDERING THEIR CHARACTERISTICS, OPERATING PRINCIPLES AND INTERFACES.

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT EMBEDDED AND WEARABLE SYSTEMS FOR HEALTH MONITORING. CHOOSE AN APPROPRIATE SENSOR TO MEASURE A BIOLOGICAL OR HEALTH VALUE OF A PERSON. INTERFACE A SENSOR / ACTUATOR FOR HEALTH MONITORING.
Prerequisites
FOR THE PROFITABLE ACHIEVEMENT OF OBJECTIVES OF THIS COURSE ARE REQUIRED: THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE C PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE, A BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE PROCESSOR AND OF THE MACHINE LANGUAGE, THE KNOWLEDGE OF ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BASIC CONCEPTS OF DIGITAL CIRCUITS.
PROPEDEUTICITIES ARE NOT REQUIRED.
Contents
I – INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/0/0)
PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM. COMMON HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE. MAIN PROBLEMS IN PROGRAMMING EMBEDDED SYSTEMS. INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS USED IN THE COURSE.

II – PERIPHERAL INTERFACING (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/2/2)
COMMUNICATION WITH EXTERNAT AND INTERNAL MICROCONTROLLER PERIPHERALS THROUGH POLLING, INTERRUPTS AND DYNAMIC MEMORY ACCESS.

III – HARDWARE TIMERS (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 2/2/0)
BASICS OF HARDWARE TIMERS, ARCHITECTURES AND PRINCIPLES OF TIMERS AVAILABLES ON MICROCONTROLLERS.

IV - ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY AND E-HEALTH SYSTEMS. (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/2/2)
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MAIN BIOMETRIC AND BIOMEDICAL SIGNALS. EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY ON HUMANS AND BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS. MEASUREMENTS OF BIOIMPEDANCE AND RESISTANCE OF THE HUMAN BODY. ELECTRICAL SAFETY AND E-HEALTH SYSTEMS. TECHNICAL REPORT ACCORDING TO STANDARD.

V - TRANSDUCTION BASICS AND RELATED SENSORS FOR E-HEALTH. (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/2/4)
SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS - GENERAL. CHARACTERISTIC PARAMETERS. ELEMENTS OF ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS. USE OF DATASHEETS. TRANSDUCTION SYSTEMS: AMPEROMETRIC, POTENTIOMETRIC, PIEZOELECTRIC, ACOUSTIC PHOTO, CALORIMETRIC, OPTICAL. MAIN BIOSENSORS. SENSORS FOR DIGITAL THERAPEUTIC. VOLTAGE AND BIOPOTENTIAL SENSORS (ECG, EEG, EMG, MEG). RESISTIVE SENSORS. INDUCTIVE SENSORS. PROXIMITY SENSORS. DISPLACEMENT SENSORS. CAPACITIVE SENSORS. HALL EFFECT SENSORS. TEMPERATURE SENSORS. RTD, THERMOCOUPLES. ACCELERATION SENSORS: MEMS. RFID.

VI – INTERFACING E-HEALTH SENSORS AND ACTUATORS (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/4/2)
MAIN COMPONENTS OF INTERFACING SYSTEMS. THE BOUNCING PROBLEM: HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS. CONNECT SIMPLE PERIPHERALS: OPEN COLLECTOR BUS, PULL-UP AND PULL-DOWN RESISTORS, INTRODUCTION TO GPIO. READING ANALOG SIGNALS THROUGH DAC. INTRODUCTION TO THE REALIZATION OF DRIVERS FOR ANALOG SENSORS STARTING FROM THE DATASHEET. USE ADVANCED SENSORS: ACCELEROMETER AND THERMOMETER. GENERATE A SIGNAL VIA PWM. INTERFACE WITH AN LCD DISPLAY.

VII - E-HEALTH ACTUATORS AND CONTROL (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 6/4/4)
ELECTRODES AS ACTUATORS FOR E-HEALTH SYSTEMS. PROBLEMS OF PHYSICAL INTERFACE WITH MATERIALS AND BIOCOMPATIBILITY. LED DIODES, RELAYS, BUTTONS, DISPLAY. DC MOTOR: BASICS; SPEED CONTROL WITH PWM; DIRECTION CONTROL WITH H-BRIDGE. FEEDBACK MOTORS: USE ENCODERS AND SERVO MOTORS. ACTUATORS FOR DIGITAL THERAPEUTIC.

VIII – SERIAL BUS AND PROTOCOLS (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/2/2)
SERIAL COMMUNICATION BASICS. ASYNCHRONOUS SERIAL PROTOCOLS: RS-232. SYNCHRONOUS SERIAL PROTOCOLS: SPI, I2C. COMMON SERIAL INTERFACES: TTL AND UART

IX - ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND POWER SYSTEMS (LESSON / EXERCISE / LABORATORY HOURS 4/2/2)
POWER SYSTEMS. STATIC CONVERSION OF ENERGY. SELF-POWERED SYSTEMS: ENERGY HARVESTING PRINCIPLES IN WEARABLES APPLICATIONS. POWER SUPPLY FOR WEARABLES AND IMPLANTABLES SYSTEMS. EVALUATION OF THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AN EMBEDDDED SYSTEM FOR E-HEALTH: FIRMWARE AND HARDWARE.

TOTAL LECTURE / PRACTICE / LABORATORY HOURS 36/20/16
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE INCLUDES LECTURES AND CLASS EXERCISES AND LABORATORY ACTIVITIES. PART OF THE PRACTICE LESSONS WILL BE USED TO REALIZE A GROUP PROJECT.
Verification of learning
THE EXAM CONSIST OF THE REALIZATION OF A TEAM PROJECT AND THE WRITING OF THE RELATED REPORT. THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE GOAL IS VERIFIED THROUGH AN ORAL INTERVIEW WITH VOTE IN THIRTIES.

THE PROJECT AIMS TO EVALUATE THE STUDENT'S DESIGN, REALIZATION AND TEAM WORK SKILLS AND PROVIDES THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM STARTING FROM SPECIFICATIONS PROVIDED BY THE TEACHER.

THE EVALUATION OF THE PROJECTS WILL BE CARRIED OUT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS:
- ABILITY TO ANALYZE AND UNDESTAND THE PROVIDED REQUIREMENTS;
- TEAM WORK SKILLS;
- CONTENT AND STRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT DESCRIPTIVE REPORT;
- WORKING PROOF OF THE REALIZED PROJECT.

THE ORAL INTERVIEW TYPICALLY LASTS 20 MINUTES. TO VERIFY THE STUDENT'S EXPOSURE SKILLS THREE QUESTIONS ARE TYPICALLY PROPOSED TO ASSESS THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF ARCHITECTURE FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS, THE HARDWARE COMPONENTS PRESENTED IN THE COURSE AND THE MAIN PROBLEMS OF EMBEDDED HARDWARE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT.

THE VOTE WILL BE RELATED TO THE DEGREE OF MATURITY DEMONSTRATED IN THE UNDESTANDING AND KNOWLEDGE OF THE CONTENTS EXPOSED, ON THE QUALITY OF THE ORAL EXPOSURE AND THE CONFIDENCE DEMONSTRATED.
THE FINAL VOTE CONSISTS OF THE WEIGHTED MEAN OF THE EVALUATIONS OBTAINED IN THE PROJECT AND EXHIBITION PART.

THE MINIMUM SCORE (18) IS ATTRIBUTED WHEN THE STUDENT SHOWS A FRAGMENTARY KNOWLEDGE OF THEORETICAL CONTENTS AND SUBMITS A PROJECT CONTAINING AT LEAST THE FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS CHARACTERIZING THE EVALUATION. THE MAXIMUM SCORE (30) IS ATTRIBUTED WHEN THE STUDENT DEMONSTRATES A COMPLETE AND IN-DEPTH KNOWLEDGE OF THE THEORETICAL CONTENT AND SUBMITS AN EXHAUSTIVE PROJECT SHOWING ALL ASPECTS THAT ARE RELEVANT TO THE EVALUATION.

HONORS IS AWARDED WHEN THE CANDIDATE SHOWS SIGNIFICANT MASTERY OF THEORETICAL AND OPERATIONAL CONTENT AND SHOWS ABILITY TO PRESENT THE TOPICS WITH REMARKABLE LANGUAGE PROPERTIES AND AUTONOMOUS PROCESSING SKILLS EVEN IN PROJECT APPLICATIONS.
Texts
MASTERING STM32 - CARMINE NOVIELLO

SENSORI PER MISURE BIOMEDICHE, DE ROSSI DANILO; AHLUWALIA ARTI; MAZZOLDI ALBERTO; PEDE DANILO; SCILINGO ENZO PASQUALE, PATRON ISBN/EAN: 9788855527644
SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES. HEALTHCARE, WELLNESS, AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS. AUTHORS: MICHAEL J. MCGRATHCLIODHNA NÍ SCANAILL, OPEN ACCESS. COPYRIGHT © 2014 BY APRESS MEDIA, LLC

MICRO- AND NANO-SCALE SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS. EZZAT G. BAKHOUM. CRC PRESS 2017. ISBN 9781138894303 - CAT# K32883

SLIDES OF THE LESSONS, REFERENCE SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES.

SUPPLEMENTARY TEACHING MATERIAL WILL BE AVAILABLE ON THE UNIVERSITY E-LEARNING PLATFORM (HTTP://ELEARNING.UNISA.IT) ACCESSIBLE TO STUDENTS USING THEIR OWN UNIVERSITY CREDENTIALS.
More Information
THE COURSE IS HELD IN ENGLISH.
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